Bulgari ist ein weltweit im Luxusgütersektor und Hotelgewerbe tätiges italienisches Unternehmen mit Sitz in Rom. Bulgari ist für Schmuck, Uhren, Parfüm und. Bulgarien (bulgarisch България [bɤɫg'arijɐ]; amtliche Bezeichnung Republik Bulgarien, bulgarisch Република България) ist eine Republik in Südosteuropa. Urlaub in Bulgarien ☀️ Alle Infos auf einen Blick ✓Einreisebestimmung ✓Reisetipps ✓günstige Reiseangebote ✓Beste Reisezeit ✓Sehenswürdikeiten.
GESCHENKE ZUM VERLIEBENBulgari ist ein weltweit im Luxusgütersektor und Hotelgewerbe tätiges italienisches Unternehmen mit Sitz in Rom. Bulgari ist für Schmuck, Uhren, Parfüm und Lederwaren bekannt. Die Deutsch-Bulgarische Industrie- und Handelskammer (DBIHK) hat zum dritten Mal die besten Energiescouts in Bulgarien ausgezeichnet. Die Gewinner. Hauptstadt: Sofia; EU-Amtssprache(n): Bulgarisch; EU-Mitgliedsland seit: 1. Januar ; Währung: Bulgarischer Lew (BGN). Bulgarien wird.
Bulgarie Latest articles and news VideoLa Bulgarie, un carrefour entre l'Europe occidentale, le Moyen-Orient et la Méditerranée Dies kann zu zusätzlicher Toretto an den türkisch-bulgarischen Grenzen führen. E-Mail: honorarkonsulatbg at anwalt-abogado. Augustabgerufen am
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As Ottoman power began to wane, Habsburg Austria and Russia saw Bulgarian Christians as potential allies. The Austrians first backed an uprising in Tarnovo in , then a second one in , the Chiprovtsi Uprising in and finally Karposh's Rebellion in The Western European Enlightenment in the 18th century influenced the initiation of a national awakening of Bulgaria.
Up to 30, Bulgarians were killed as Ottoman authorities put down the rebellion. The massacres prompted the Great Powers to take action.
This allowed the Russian Empire to seek a military solution without risking confrontation with other Great Powers, as had happened in the Crimean War.
The Treaty of San Stefano was signed on 3 March by Russia and the Ottoman Empire. It was to set up an autonomous Bulgarian principality spanning Moesia , Macedonia and Thrace , roughly on the territories of the Second Bulgarian Empire ,   and this day is now a public holiday called National Liberation Day.
It was superseded by the Treaty of Berlin , signed on 13 July. It provided for a much smaller state, the Principality of Bulgaria , only comprising Moesia and the region of Sofia , and leaving large populations of ethnic Bulgarians outside the new country.
The Bulgarian principality won a war against Serbia and incorporated the semi-autonomous Ottoman territory of Eastern Rumelia in , proclaiming itself an independent state on 5 October After a disastrous defeat in the Second Balkan War , Bulgaria again found itself fighting on the losing side as a result of its alliance with the Central Powers in World War I.
Despite fielding more than a quarter of its population in a 1,,strong army   and achieving several decisive victories at Doiran and Monastir , the country capitulated in The war resulted in significant territorial losses and a total of 87, soldiers killed.
The resulting political unrest led to the establishment of a royal authoritarian dictatorship by Tsar Boris III — Bulgaria entered World War II in as a member of the Axis but declined to participate in Operation Barbarossa and saved its Jewish population from deportation to concentration camps.
The government of Bogdan Filov subsequently failed to achieve peace with the Allies. Bulgaria did not comply with Soviet demands to expel German forces from its territory, resulting in a declaration of war and an invasion by the USSR in September But all wartime territorial gains, with the notable exception of Southern Dobrudzha , were lost.
The Communist Party was forced to give up its political monopoly on 10 November under the influence of the Revolutions of Zhivkov resigned and Bulgaria embarked on a transition to a parliamentary democracy.
After several years of reforms it joined the European Union and single market in despite Brussels' concerns about government corruption.
Bulgaria occupies a portion of the eastern Balkan peninsula, bordering five countries— Greece and Turkey to the south, North Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north.
The Thracian Plain is roughly triangular, beginning southeast of Sofia and broadening as it reaches the Black Sea coast.
The Balkan mountains run laterally through the middle of the country from west to east. The mountainous southwest has two distinct alpine type ranges— Rila and Pirin , which border the lower but more extensive Rhodope Mountains to the east, and various medium altitude mountains to west, northwest and south, like Vitosha , Osogovo and Belasitsa.
The Black Sea coast is the country's lowest point. The Struma and the Maritsa are two major rivers in the south.
Bulgaria has a varied and changeable climate, which results from being positioned at the meeting point of the Mediterranean , Oceanic and Continental air masses combined with the barrier effect of its mountains.
Temperature amplitudes vary significantly in different areas. Continental air masses bring significant amounts of snowfall during winter.
The interaction of climatic, hydrological, geological and topographical conditions has produced a relatively wide variety of plant and animal species.
Partridges number some , individuals, making them the most widespread gamebird. In , the Bulgarian government adopted the National Biological Diversity Conservation Strategy, a comprehensive programme seeking the preservation of local ecosystems, protection of endangered species and conservation of genetic resources.
Bulgaria ranks 30th in the Environmental Performance Index , but scores low on air quality. Bulgaria is a parliamentary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government and the most powerful executive position.
The Constitution also provides possibilities of direct democracy, namely petitions and national referenda. Parties must register with the commission prior to participating in a national election.
Unlike the prime minister, presidential domestic power is more limited. The directly elected president serves as head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and has the authority to return a bill for further debate, although the parliament can override the presidential veto by a simple majority vote.
The National Assembly has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, schedule presidential elections, select and dismiss the prime minister and other ministers, declare war, deploy troops abroad, and ratify international treaties and agreements.
Overall, Bulgaria displays a pattern of unstable governments. The protest wave was notable for self-immolations, spontaneous demonstrations and a strong sentiment against political parties.
The subsequent snap elections in May resulted in a narrow win for GERB ,  but the Bulgarian Socialist Party eventually formed a government led by Plamen Oresharski after Borisov failed to secure parliamentary support.
The March snap election was again won by GERB, but with 95 seats in Parliament. They formed a coalition with the far-right United Patriots , who hold 27 seats.
Freedom House has reported a continuing deterioration of democratic governance after , citing reduced media independence, stalled reforms, abuse of authority at the highest level and increased dependence of local administrations on the central government.
Bulgaria has a civil law legal system. The Supreme Administrative Court and the Supreme Court of Cassation are the highest courts of appeal and oversee the application of laws in subordinate courts.
The legal system is regarded by both domestic and international observers as one of Europe's most inefficient due to pervasive lack of transparency and corruption.
Counterintelligence and national security are the responsibility of the State Agency for National Security.
Bulgaria is a unitary state. A new administrative structure was adopted in parallel with the decentralization of the economic system.
All areas take their names from their respective capital cities. The provinces are subdivided into municipalities. Municipalities are run by mayors, who are elected to four-year terms, and by directly elected municipal councils.
Bulgaria is a highly centralized state where the Council of Ministers directly appoints regional governors and all provinces and municipalities are heavily dependent on it for funding.
Bulgaria became a member of the United Nations in and since has been a non-permanent member of the Security Council three times, most recently from to Euro-Atlantic integration has been a priority since the fall of communism, although the communist leadership also had aspirations of leaving the Warsaw Pact and joining the European Communities by Bulgaria deployed significant numbers of both civilian and military advisors in Soviet-allied countries like Nicaragua  and Libya during the Cold War.
Bezmer and Graf Ignatievo air bases, the Novo Selo training range, and a logistics centre in Aytos subsequently became joint military training facilities cooperatively used by the United States and Bulgarian militaries.
Domestic defence is the responsibility of the all- volunteer Bulgarian armed forces , composed of land forces , navy and an air force. The land forces consist of two mechanized brigades and eight independent regiments and battalions; the air force operates aircraft and air defence systems in six air bases, and the navy operates various ships, helicopters and coastal defence weapons.
A balanced budget was achieved in and the country began running a surplus the following year. The ministries of defence, the interior and justice are allocated the largest share of the annual government budget, whereas those responsible for the environment, tourism and energy receive the least amount of funding.
Value added tax , excise duties , corporate and personal income tax are national, whereas real estate, inheritance, and vehicle taxes are levied by local authorities.
After several consecutive years of high growth, repercussions of the financial crisis of — resulted in a 3. Siphoning of public funds to the families and relatives of politicians from incumbent parties has resulted in fiscal and welfare losses to society.
The labour force is 3. Most of the exports are manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel products and food.
Quality Oriental tobacco is a significant industrial crop. Sofia , Plovdiv , Veliko Tarnovo , coastal resorts Albena , Golden Sands and Sunny Beach and winter resorts Bansko , Pamporovo and Borovets are some of the locations most visited by tourists.
Spending on research and development amounts to 0. Despite the lack of funding, research in chemistry, materials science and physics remains strong.
Kliment Ohridski Base on Livingston Island in Western Antarctica. Bulgaria has made numerous contributions to space exploration. Telephone services are widely available, and a central digital trunk line connects most regions.
Bulgaria's strategic geographic location and well-developed energy sector make it a key European energy centre despite its lack of significant fossil fuel deposits.
Railroads are a major mode of freight transportation, although highways carry a progressively larger share of freight. The population of Bulgaria is 7,, people according to the national census.
The majority of the population, Turkish and Roma minorities account for 8. In the average total fertility rate TFR across Bulgaria was 1.
Bulgaria is in a state of demographic crisis. High death rates result from a combination of an ageing population, a high number of people at risk of poverty and a weak healthcare system.
Public expenditures for education are far below the European Union average as well. Education in primary and secondary public schools is free and compulsory.
Higher education consists of a 4-year bachelor degree and a 1-year master's degree. The country scores high in gender equality , ranking 18th in the Global Gender Gap Report.
High levels of female participation are a legacy of the Socialist era. Country Data. Reimbursable Advisory Service. View All Projects. Research View All Research Arrow.
Sub-National Report. Strategy Document. At the same time it is one of the country's leading medical institutions and possesses large medical treatment capacity and know-how.
The Staff fulfills a direct operational role in the management of the crisis and its decisions are implemented through executive orders of Bulgaria's Prime Minister and the country's Minister of Health.
On 23 March a separate Medical Council for dealing with the coronavirus pandemic was appointed by the Prime Minister. The council was chaired by Professor Kosta Kostov, a leading pulmonary disease expert.
The council's mission was to provide the government with complementary analysis and action proposals and the general public with professional guidance and information.
Unlike the National Crisis-management Staff, which is a formal national institution with executive power and tasks, the council had mostly a knowledge-based advisory role.
On 8 March , Bulgaria confirmed its first two cases, a year-old man from Pleven and a year-old woman from Gabrovo. Neither of the two reported having traveled to areas with known coronavirus cases.
On the same day, the hospital in Gabrovo requested additional personnel from other hospitals in the country, as it only had three communicable diseases specialists.
All of its internal medicine specialists have been quarantined after one of the four initial cases was confirmed to be a nurse at the hospital.
Two additional cases were confirmed in Sofia on 10 March a year-old man and his year-old wife. Both have arrived from Lom two weeks prior to admission.
A suspected case of a year-old man was reported by the Saint George Hospital in Plovdiv on 11 March. By 12 March, the number of cases had increased to 23, most of them in Sofia.
Many of these had been in contact with the elderly couple admitted to the Pirogov Hospital on 10 March. On 13 March, after 16 reported cases in one day, Bulgaria declared a state of emergency for one month until 13 April.
Schools, shopping centres, cinemas, restaurants, and other places of business were closed. All sports events were suspended.
Only supermarkets, food markets, pharmacies, banks and gas stations remain open. On 14 March, a second death and a third case in Pleven were reported.
The second victim of the virus was the year-old husband of the first victim. All MPs were urgently tested on the following day.
If some of them are also tested positive, the Parliament will be adjourned. Options for the MPs to continue their legislative work including voting online from home under isolation are being explored.
The number of confirmed cases in Bulgaria rose to 51 on 15 March. A total of 83 tests were done at the Military Medical Academy, of which six were positive, and 51 were processed at the National Reference Laboratory, of which two were positive.
In Varna, one test out of 12 samples proved positive. The Ministry of Health announced that citizens from a number of countries would be prohibited from entering Bulgaria starting on 18 March.
These are China, Iran, Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Spain, Italy, South Korea, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Additionally, sanitary control units will be established on some border crossings with Romania, Greece, Serbia and North Macedonia.
The number of total cases rose to 62, including two British citizens vacationing in Bansko. None of the patients were in critical condition.
The total number of cases increased to 94 by 18 March, with new cases appearing in Smolyan , Veliko Tarnovo and Pernik among recent arrivals from outside the country.
The previous day, Bansko became the first town in the country to be put under quarantine. On 19 March the cases rose to and an year-old woman, who recently had a stroke, died from COVID on the same day, making her the third victim from the disease in Bulgaria.
Elsewhere, a year-old Bulgarian citizen died from COVID while visiting family in Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania. The woman, a choir conductor in Sofia, was uninsured and refused to seek medical attention.
The total number of cases increased to and the first recovery occurred. The number of cases increased to by noon, and three patients had recovered.
Two cities, Dobrich and Shumen , confirmed their first cases, the latter related to the Bansko cluster. There are 84 male and 58 female patients, the youngest being 4 years old, and the oldest 81 years old.
More than 5, tests had been carried out, and an additional 10, tests would be made available at short notice. The cases increased to and the first case in Stara Zagora province was confirmed.
A man from the town of Kazanlak was admitted in the Infectious unit in the hospital in Stara Zagora. He is believed to be 60 years old and returned from France on the 14th of March.
Snow and sun on the slopes and ski center of Pamporovo! Skiing in Borovets during the weekend of February 09 - 10, Snowy Pamporovo in the beginning of February!
February 01, Snow and sun! Perfect weather in January in the Pirin mountain and Bansko ski center. January 28, Whats likelihood of snow? Do any know how to contact the locker room under the stairs run by Charlie For which resort?
I have details of skidoo trips from Bansko Hiya - when will you be updating your snow report for Borovets in March? Booked 23rd March for a week.
Thanks Photo report from Pamporovo Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge. Reguidit frae Bulgaria. Coat o airms.
International Monetary Fund. Disillusioned by the results of the coup, Boris took action to regain his power, which the new regime had also curtailed.
Boris used military and civilian factions alarmed by the new authoritarianism to maneuver the Zveno group out of power and declare a royal dictatorship.
The Economy , Library of Congress. Foreign Investment, p. Graba, La peinture religieuse en Bulgarie , Paris, , p. Organisation internationale de la francophonie.
Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. Action Aquapark. Sea Garden. Sozopol Old Town. Alexander Nevski Cathedral. Church of St. Hotel International Casino.
Method Snow School. Aquapark Aquamania.